(NEW YORK) — Julie Flygare was studying art history at Brown University when the weird symptoms started: Her knees would buckle when she laughed or got angry.
“I felt like I was melting inside,” said the now 28-year-old who lives in Washington, D.C. “And it got worse and worse with more emotion.”
Keeping feelings at bay became impossible with her boyfriend. During romantic encounters, Flygare’s whole body began to collapse.
“My head started giving out with the sexual excitement,” she said. “My head feel backward on the pillow like whiplash.”
Flygare had vivid hallucinations and sometimes she lay in bed aware of her surroundings, but paralyzed.
“No one seemed to know what it was. I was so confused,” she said.
Was she having a seizure or a stroke — or even mental problems?
“The symptoms can sound like a crazy person,” said Dr. Mark Dyken, director of the Sleep Disorders Center, University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics. “It could be someone with major psychotic depression with catatonia, but in fact it’s narcolepsy.”
Narcolepsy is a neurological sleep disorder in which the brain loses its ability to maintain normal sleep and wake states. Scientists like Dyken speculate that it may be genetic in nature, triggered by an autoimmune response.
Narcolepsy affects more than 200,000 Americans — as many as those with multiple sclerosis — according to Wake Up Narcolepsy, an organization that supports research.
Flygare has the most serious form, narcolepsy with cataplexy — a sudden loss of muscle tone while awake, resulting in the inability to move. These episodes of temporary paralysis are triggered by emotion and she is fully conscious throughout.
“I hear everything going on around me — people saying, ‘Oh my god, oh my god’,” she said. “I am lying there I can breathe and my heart is going.”
Given its social implications, narcolepsy is as disruptive to daily life as epilepsy and Parkinson’s disease, but is often misdiagnosed by doctors and misunderstood by friends and family.
“There is a lot of stigma,” said Shelby Harris, director of the Wake-Sleep Disorder Center at Montefiore Medical Center in New York City. “People go 10 or 15 years before being diagnosed and they think they are lazy or depressed. It causes rifts in families and on the job.”
Most often, it is diagnosed in a person’s 20s or 30s, but Harris said she just saw a patient who was 15.
Its hallmark symptom is hypersomnia or being sleepy all the time, according to Harris.
Copyright 2012 ABC News Radio